One of the most effective methods according to dermatologists around the world is taking oral antibiotics for acne. Antibiotics are arguably one among the many great inventions in medical history. Oral antibiotics alleviate acne by killing the Propionibacteria acne; bacteria responsible for the unpleasant acne breakouts. They also minimize the secretion of irritating chemicals produced by white blood cells. Additionally, the antibiotics have anti-inflammatory properties that help with the inflammation. Here is a look into some of the oral antibiotics that are often prescribed for acne.
- Tetracycline. is probably the most commonly prescribed treatment. It works by reducing the rate at which bacteria grow. Like other antibiotics, tetracycline has anti-inflammatory properties that reduce the redness and the size of the pustules and papules. The initial dose is 500-1000 mg twice every day, but when the patient notices improvements, the dose is decreases to 250 mg, taken twice a day. Though commonly used for pustular acne, tetracycline can be used for any type of acne. For higher efficiency, patients are advised to take the treatment on an empty stomach and drink a lot of water to prevent the esophagus from getting irritated.
- Minocycline. This is yet another oral antibiotic that posses anti-inflammatory characteristics. It belongs to the tetracycline group of drugs and is very effective in controlling acne breakouts. According to research, users experience up to 60% reduction in this unsightly breakout within a short time of using this drug. Besides treating acne, minocycline can also eliminate post acne scars.
- Erythromycin is often used to combat moderate to severe inflammatory acne or acne that isn’t responding to other treatment options. Its functionality is akin to that of tetracycline though it has stronger anti-inflammatory properties which are accompanied with antimicrobial properties. The typical dosage is between 250 and 500 mg twice every day. The major drawback of this highly effective oral antibiotic for acne is its association with side effects such nausea and stomach upset.
- Doxycycline. This is yet another oral antibiotic used to combat pimples commonly used when the ache doesn’t show any response to tetracycline, erythromycin and minocycline. It’s often taken with food and due to its strength, patients are advised to follow the prescription to the T. It’s important to note that the dosage in terms of number of tablets depends on the severity of the disease.
There are a few side effects associated with oral antibiotics. These side effects are experienced when the antibiotics react with body chemicals. Listed below are some of the common side effects.
- Skin and tooth discoloration
As such, the use of these antibiotics is advocated under the proper guidance of a qualified medical practitioner, and if possible, the dose should be minimized to reduce the chances of side-effects. Nevertheless, antibiotics for acne are the most promising when it comes to eliminating acne.